Respect for and development of human life requires peace.
Peace is not merely the absence of war, and it is not limited to maintaining a balance of powers between adversaries.
Peace cannot be attained on earth without safeguarding the goods of persons, free communication among men, respect for the dignity of persons and peoples, and the assiduous practice of fraternity.
Peace is the work of justice and the effect of charity.
Those who renounce violence and bloodshed and, in order to safeguard human rights, make use of those means of defense available to the weakest, bear witness to evangelical charity, provided they do so without harming the rights and obligations of other men and societies. They bear legitimate witness to the gravity of the physical and moral risks of recourse to violence, with all its destruction and death.
Catechism of the Catholic Church: 2304, 2306.